Olympic games

The Olympic Games is the largest international sporting event involving multidisciplinary athletes from around the world. The Olympics are considered the most important competition of the sporting world, with more than 200 participating nations. There are two types of Olympics: Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics, which take place at an interval of two years. The current Olympic Games were inspired by the eighth century BC organized by the ancient Greek city of Olympia, between the years 776 A.C and 393 B.C. In the nineteenth century, the idea of ​​performing a similar event to organized in antiquity, which would be realized primarily through the efforts of the French nobleman Pierre Fredy, Baron de Coubertin. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894. Since then, the IOC has become the coordinating body of the Olympic Movement, the Olympic Charter that defines its structure and authority. The first edition of the so-called Olympics of the modern era were held in Athens, capital of Greece. Since that time, the Summer Olympics have been held every four years in various parts of the planet, the only exceptions being the editions of 1916, 1940 and 1944, due to the outbreak of the First and Second World War. The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games. Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Games for winter sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, and the Youth Olympic Games for teenage athletes. The Winter Olympics first took place in 1924 in the French town of Chamonix. Originally made as part of the summer event, the IOC’s considered retroactively as a separate event, and from that date began to be held in the same year as the original games. Subsequently, in order to foster the development of winter events, the IOC decided to delay the implementation of the Olympic Winter Games from Lillehammer 1994. Since then, the Winter Olympics are held in even years between two Summer Games. The first Olympic Summer Youth held in Singapore in 2010, while Olympic Winter Youth held in Innsbruck in 2012. The IOC has had to adapt to a variety of economic progress, political and technological. As a result, the Olympics have moved away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allow participation of professional athletes. The growing importance of the mass media began the issue of corporate sponsorship and commercialization of the Games. Large boycotts took place during the Cold War in the 1980 and 1984 Games. The Olympic Movement consists of each sport International Federations, National Olympic Committees and Organizing Committees of each edition. The IOC is responsible for choosing the host city. According to the Olympic Charter, the host city is responsible for the organization and financing of the Games. The Olympic program, consisting of the sports contested at the Games, is also determined by the IOC. There are various Olympic symbols and ceremonies, such as the flag and the Olympic torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. About 13,000 athletes compete in the Summer Games and Winter Olympics in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events. The winners of the first, second and third in each event receive Olympic medals: gold, silver and bronze, respectively. Today almost all countries are represented in the Olympics. This has caused several problems: boycotts, doping, bribery and terrorism. Every two years, the Olympics and its media exposure provide unknown athletes with the opportunity to achieve national and international fame. The Games also provide an opportunity for the country and the host city to be known to the world.
In accordance with the Olympic Charter, various elements form the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games. Most of these elements were established in the 1920 Antwerp Olympics. The ceremony typically starts with the hoisting of the flag of the country where the Games are held and the presentation of the national anthem. Later artistic manifestations in music, song, dance, theater, etc.. of the culture of that country. The artistic presentations have grown in size and complexity as the venues have sought to provide a ceremony that lasts more than its predecessor. After the artistic portion of the ceremony is performed parade of athletes, grouped by country, at the Olympic Stadium. The contingent of Greece is traditionally the first to enter the stadium in order to honor the origins of the Olympics. Then, the participating nations enter the stadium alphabetically according to the language spoken in the home of this year, the host country’s contingent is the latest entrant. In the 2004 Athens Olympics, the Greek flag entered the stadium first, however, the Greek delegation entered last. The speeches given formally opening the Games. Finally, the Olympic torch enters the stadium and lit the Olympic cauldron.
The closing ceremony of the Olympic Games takes place after all sporting events have concluded. Standard-bearers from each participating country enter the stadium, followed by the athletes who enter together, without any national distinction. Three flags are hoisted while the corresponding national anthems played: the flag of the venue, the Greek flag and the flag of the host the next edition of the Olympic Games. President of the Organizing Committee and the IOC president make speeches. Traditionally, the IOC President declared the Games closed and calls the “youth of the world to meet” four years later at the following location. Once the Games are officially closed, the Olympic flame goes out. In what is known as the Antwerp Ceremony, the mayor of the city that hosted the Olympic Games transfers a special flag to IOC president, who then gives it to the mayor of the city hosting the next edition of the Olympics. Then enter the following host art exhibits, dance, music and theater representative of its culture.
An awards ceremony is held after each Olympic event. The winner or winners of the first, second and third place get into a three-tier podium in which they deliver their respective medals. After the medals were awarded by an IOC member, the national flags of the three medalists are raised while listening to the national anthem of the winner of the gold medal.